The Act also separated the Army Air Forces from the Army to become its own branch of service, the United States Air Force. (2012). The longest-serving secretary of defense is Robert McNamara, who served for a total of 7 years, 39 days. [24] Since the creation of the position in 1947, such a waiver has only been approved three times, for Army General George Marshall in 1950, Marine Corps General Jim Mattis in 2017, and retired Army General Lloyd J. Austin III in 2021.[25][26]. The official website of the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) He became the top commander of American forces in … Leader of the United States armed forces following the president, (including Defense Agencies and DoD Field Activities), Goldwater–Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986, Organizational structure of the United States Department of Defense, Defense Agencies and DoD Field Activities, under secretary of defense for personnel and readiness, House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, assistant to the president for national security affairs, United States Department of Homeland Security, Level I position of the Executive Schedule, Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security, Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, General Counsel of the Department of Defense, Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States, Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System, National Security Strategy (United States), Office of the Secretary of Defense Identification Badge, Secretary of Defense Employer Support Freedom Award, Unconventional warfare (United States Department of Defense doctrine), US Commission on National Security/21st Century, "Positional Colors for the Department of Defense", "3 U.S. Code § 19 – Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act", "Lloyd Austin: retired army general nominated as Biden defense secretary", "Who is leading federal agencies until Senate confirms Biden's nominees", "Waiver of Statutory Qualifications Relating to Prior Military Service of the Secretary of Defense", "Why Generals Need Congressional Waivers To Become Defense Secretary", "Lloyd Austin Receives Waiver Allowing Him to Become Defense Chief", Department of Defense Directive 5100.01 Functions of the Department of Defense and Its Major Components, "James V. Forrestal – Harry S. Truman Administration", "Louis A. Johnson – Harry S. Truman Administration", "George C. Marshall – Harry S. Truman Administration", "Robert A. Lovett – Harry S. Truman Administration", "Charles E. Wilson – Dwight D. Eisenhower Administration", "Neil H. McElroy -Dwight D. Eisenhower Administration", "Thomas S. Gates, Jr. – Dwight D. Eisenhower Administration", "Robert S. McNamara – John F. Kennedy / Lyndon Johnson Administration", "Clark M. Gifford – Lyndon Johnson Administration", "Melvin R. Laird – Richard Nixon Administration", "Elliot L. Richardson – Richard Nixon Administration", "James R. Schlesinger – Richard Nixon / Gerald Ford Administration", "Donald H. Rumsfeld – Gerald Ford Administration", "Harold Brown – James Carter Administration", "Caspar W. Weinberger – Ronald Reagan Administration", "Frank C. Carlucci – Ronald Reagan Administration", "Richard B. Cheney – George H.W. The United States Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) is the head of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). The secretary of national defense (Filipino: Kalihim ng Tanggulang Pambansa) is the head of the Department of National Defense and is a member of the president’s Cabinet. David Norquist, current deputy secretary of defense and 2020 Wash100 Award recipient, will serve as acting secretary of defense for the Biden … Before retiring as a four-star general in 2016, Lloyd Austin served for 41 years in the military. List of secretaries of national defense. DoD / U.S. Army Sgt. Mahan, Erin R., and Jeffrey A. Larsen, eds. Austin retired from the Army in 2016 … To be confirmed as the Secretary of Defense, Austin … Austin, a retired Army general, will become the first Black man to serve as secretary of defense. [11], Subject only to the orders of the president, the secretary of defense is in the chain of command and exercises command and control, for both operational and administrative purposes, over all Department of Defense military service branches – the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Space Force – as well as the U.S. Coast Guard when its command and control is transferred to the Department of Defense. § 823: article 23, UCMJ), and Summary Courts-Martial (10 U.S.C. A prominent House Democrat who sits on the Armed Services Committee is raising concerns about President-elect Joe Biden’s expected pick for defense secretary. § 822: article 22, UCMJ), Special Courts-Martial (10 U.S.C. .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Democratic $61,300/year 2012-2016 -9.9% . § 113 provides that "subject to the direction of the President", its occupant has "authority, direction, and control over the Department of Defense". He would need a special congressional waiver to serve as defense secretary. In the years since, a total of 280 employers have received this prestigious award. He previously served as the first Black chief of U.S. Central Command from 2013 to 2016. [12][13][14][15][16] Only the secretary of defense (or the president or Congress) can authorize the transfer of operational control of forces between the three military departments (Department of the Army, Department of the Navy, and Department of the Air Force) and the 10 Combatant Commands (Africa Command, Central Command, European Command, Indo-Pacific Command, Northern Command, Southern Command, Cyber Command, Special Operations Command, Strategic Command, Transportation Command). (This is not counting deputy secretaries of defense William P. Clements and William Howard Taft IV, who each served a few weeks as temporary/acting secretary of defense). Because the Constitution vests all military authority in Congress and the president, the statutory authority of the secretary of defense is derived from their constitutional authorities. Biden’s choice for secretary of Defense still in flux . Marshall also served as secretary of state. Search Office of ... FISCAL YEAR 2016; FISCAL YEAR 2015; FISCAL YEAR 2014; FISCAL YEAR 2013; FISCAL YEAR 2012; FISCAL YEAR 2011; FISCAL YEAR 2010; FISCAL YEAR 2009; FISCAL YEAR 2008; FISCAL YEAR 2007; FISCAL YEAR 2006 ; FISCAL YEAR 2005; FISCAL YEAR 2004; FISCAL YEAR … He retired from the Marines in 2013, and federal law stipulates that the Pentagon chief be out of uniform for seven years. A new title was coined by the Act for the head of the NME: Secretary of Defense. The aforementioned waiver is required due to a law requiring active duty service members to wait seven years before serving as defense secretary. The role was made in 1947. Coupled with Putin’s hack job on almost every corner of our government and Trumpf’s deafening silence, this is 25th amendment time AGAIN. [17][18][19] The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the principal military adviser to the secretary of defense and the president; while the chairman may assist the secretary and president in their command functions, the chairman is not in the chain of command. Austin retired from the Army after 41 years of service in 2016.   Political Independent / Unknown, The secretary of defense is sixth in the presidential line of succession, following the secretary of the treasury and preceding the attorney general. The position of the deputy secretary of defense, the number two position in the department, was also created at this time. It renamed the Department of War the Department of the Army, and added both it and the Department of the Navy to a newly established National Military Establishment (NME). This position corresponds to what is generally known as a defense minister in many other countries. Fiscal Year (FY) 2016-2017, “Global Force Management Implementation Guidance,” January 28, 2016 Secretary of Defense Memorandum, “UCMJ Jurisdiction Over DoD Civilian Employees, DoD [1], The current secretary is Delfin Lorenzana, who assumed office on June 30, 2016. David Norquist, current deputy secretary of defense and 2020 Wash100 Award recipient, will serve as acting secretary of defense for the Biden administration. FY 2015 FTEs 620 0 0 620 3. [10] To ensure civilian control of the military, no one may be appointed as the secretary of defense within seven years of serving as a commissioned officer of a regular (i.e., non-reserve) component of an armed force. The Army generally favored centralization while the Navy had institutional preferences for decentralization and the status quo. It is hereby expressed as the sense of the Congress that after General Marshall leaves the office of Secretary of Defense, no additional appointments of military men to that office shall be approved. 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998. Rebecca Grant: Biden's Defense Secretary pick may be shocked by these surprising themes at Pentagon If confirmed, the retired four-star Army general will be the first Black Secretary of Defense A final Senate vote is anticipated Friday to confirm Austin as the nation's first Black defense secretary. The name of the principally military staff organization, organized under the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is the Joint Staff (JS). The War Department, headed by the secretary of war, was created by Act of Congress in 1789 and was responsible for both the Army and Navy until the founding of a separate Department of the Navy in 1798. List of secretaries of national defense. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter and General Lloyd Austin United States Central Command tour the facilities on Jan. 14, 2016. [20], The secretary of the treasury, the secretary of state, the attorney general, and the secretary of defense are generally regarded as the four most important cabinet officials because of the size and importance of their respective departments. Home • Job Descriptions • Administrative Job Descriptions; The U.S. secretary of defense oversees the country's Department of Defense, the federal service responsible for the country's armed services and related military matters. 12333, this issuance: • Establishes procedures to enable DoD to conduct authorized intelligence activities in a manner that protects the constitutional and legal rights and the privacy and civil liberties of U.S. persons. In 2016, a total of approximately 175 RFIs were responded to and 180 interviews were conducted … Defense secretary installs 2 Trump loyalists to Pentagon advisory board Corey Lewandowski and David Bossie both held top positions on the president’s 2016 campaign team. By Jeff Schogol December 08, 2020 . The current secretary is Delfin Lorenzana, who assumed office on June 30, 2016.. The secretary of defense's position of command and authority over the U.S. military is second only to that of the president.This position corresponds to what is generally known as a defense minister in many other … The secretary of defense is a statutory member of the National Security Council. Biden has reportedly tapped former General Lloyd Austin to fill the post at the Pentagon, who has previously served as the first Black Commander of CENTCOM ( US Central Command), from 2013 to 2016, when he retired from the Armed Forces. Bush Administration", Department of Defense Key Officials September 1947 – February 2019, "Les Aspin Serves One Year As Defense Secretary", "Leslie Aspin – William J. Clinton Administration", "William J. Perry – William J. Clinton Administration", "William S. Cohen – William J. Clinton Administration", "Donald H. Rumsfeld – George W. Bush Administration", "Robert M. Gates – George W. Bush / Barack Obama Administration", "Leon E. Panetta – Barack Obama Administration", "Chuck Hagel – Barack Obama Administration", "Ashton B. Carter – Barack Obama Administration", "James N. Mattis – Donald Trump Administration", "PN583 — Patrick M. Shanahan — Department of Defense", "Dr. Mark T. Esper – Acting Secretary of Defense", "Letter from Acting Secretary of Defense Richard V. Spencer to Pentagon", "Trump administration official Norquist sworn in as acting Pentagon chief", "Executive Order on Providing an Order of Succession within the Department of Defense", The Judge Advocate General's School, U.S. Army, "Evolution of the Secretary of Defense in the Era of Massive Retaliation: Charles Wilson, Neil McElroy, and Thomas Gates, 1953–1961", In My Time: A Personal and Political Memoir, "Department of Defense Directive 5100.01 Functions of the Department of Defense and Its Major Components", Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Special Access Program Oversight Committee, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, American Forces Radio and Television Service, Assistant Secretary for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, Assistant Secretary (Financial Management and Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs, Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management and Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisitions), Organization of the United States Marine Corps, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Financial Management & Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Installations, Environment & Logistics), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Manpower & Reserve Affairs), General Counsel of the Department of the Air Force, Air Force Office of Special Investigations, Alternate National Military Command Center, Joint Intelligence Operations Center Europe Analytic Center, Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance, Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, United States federal executive departments, Presidential line of succession in the United States of America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States_Secretary_of_Defense&oldid=1001921736, Lists of members of the Cabinet of the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. News They are as follows:[3], "New Philippine defense chief says militant threat more pressing than South China Sea", "History: The Department of National Defense", Information and Communications Technology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Secretary_of_National_Defense_(Philippines)&oldid=992504617, Secretaries of National Defense of the Philippines, Lists of members of the Cabinet of the Philippines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 16:53. A day after Defense Secretary Mark Esper was fired by ... and played tried to discredit investigations involving the Trump campaign and Russia and Russian interference in the 2016 … The same statute further designates the secretary as "the principal assistant to the President in all matters relating to the Department of Defense". All of these high-ranking positions, civil and military, require Senate confirmation. Since it is impractical for either Congress or the president to participate in every piece of Department of Defense affairs, the secretary of defense, and the secretary's subordinate officials generally exercise military authority. The DDSM is analogous to the distinguished services medals issued by the military departments (i.e. The Department of Defense is composed of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) and the Joint Staff (JS), Office of the Inspector General (DODIG), the Combatant Commands, the Military Departments (Department of the Army (DA), Department of the Navy (DON) & Department of the Air Force (DAF)), the Defense Agencies and DoD Field Activities, the National Guard Bureau (NGB), and such other offices, agencies, activities, organizations, and commands established or designated by law, or by the president or by the secretary of defense. In a Nov. 12 letter to Biden, Reps. Mark Pocan, D-Wis., and Barbara Lee, D-Calif., never mentioned Flournoy's name but said that "we write to request that the next secretary of Defense … While the approval authority for DSSM, DMSM, JSCM, JSAM and JMUA is delegated to inferior DoD officials: the DDSM can only be awarded by the secretary of defense. FILE - In this Sept. 14, 2016 file photo, Secretary of Defense Salvador Cienfuegos Zepeda arrives for a review of the troops that will participate in the Independence Day parade, in … The secretary of defense, appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate, is by federal law (10 U.S.C.   Republican FY 2014 FTEs 622 0 0 622 2. Three individuals served as heads of the department. Transition. Congress intended civilian control of … [21], President Joe Biden has nominated retired Army general Lloyd J. Austin III as the 28th United States secretary of defense. WASHINGTON (AP) — President-elect Joe Biden will nominate retired four-star Army general Lloyd J. Austin to be secretary of defense, according to four people familiar with the decision. As the No. Recommendations for the Medal of Honor (MOH), formally endorsed in writing by the secretary of the military department concerned and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, are processed through the under secretary of defense for personnel and readiness, and such recommendations be must approved by the secretary of defense before it can be handed over to the president, who is the final approval authority for the MOH, although it is awarded in the name of Congress. The secretary of defense, with the concurrence of the secretary of state, is the approval authority for the acceptance and wear of NATO medals issued by the secretary general of NATO and offered to the U.S. permanent representative to NATO in recognition of U.S. servicemembers who meet the eligibility criteria specified by NATO.[29]. Ashton B. Carter, Secretary of Defense . In his 2014 memoirs Duty: Memoirs of a Secretary at War, Gates writes that while Joe Biden was likable on a personal level, he has: “been wrong on nearly every major foreign … All this while fucking up the coronavirus response. Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Search. The secretary is one of only five or six civilians—the others being the president, the three "service secretaries" (the secretary of the Army, secretary of the Navy, and secretary of the Air Force), and the secretary of homeland security (when the United States Coast Guard is under the United States Department of Homeland Security and has not been transferred to the Department of the Navy under the Department of Defense)—authorized to act as convening authority in the military justice system for General Courts-Martial (10 U.S.C. To address this and other problems, the National Security Act was amended in 1949 to further consolidate the national defense structure in order to reduce interservice rivalry, directly subordinate the secretaries of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force to the secretary of defense in the chain of command, and rename the National Military Establishment as the Department of Defense, making it one Executive Department. As the head of the department, the secretary of defense is the chief witness for the congressional committees with oversight responsibilities over the Department of Defense. Obviously the new secretary of defense puppet is complicit in Trumpf trying to hide stuff from Biden and the country. Austin, who retired in 2016 … Some of those high-ranking officials, civil and military (outside of OSD and the Joint Staff) are: the secretary of the Army, secretary of the Navy, and secretary of the Air Force, Army chief of staff, commandant of the Marine Corps, chief of naval operations, Air Force chief of staff, chief of space operations, and chief of the National Guard Bureau and the combatant commanders of the Combatant Commands. In particular, it elevated the status of joint service for commissioned officers, making it in practice a requirement before appointments to general officer and flag officer grades could be made. Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton could return for a fourth act in Washington, D.C., and this time as defense secretary or with another top job. In 2017, retired Marine Gen. James Mattis received a bicameral congressional waiver to serve as President Trump's secretary of defense, allowing him to bypass a … The general trend since 1949 has been to further centralize management in the Department of Defense, elevating the status and authorities of civilian OSD appointees and defense-wide organizations at the expense of the military departments and the services within them. An Army, Navy, and Marine Corps were established in 1775, in concurrence with the American Revolution. The order of succession is:[67], Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense. If confirmed, Austin would be the first African American to lead the Department of Defense. § 113) the head of the Department of Defense, "the principal assistant to the President in all matters relating to Department of Defense", and has "authority, direction and control over the Department of Defense". This federal official acts as the principal defense policy maker and adviser. Former Obama Secretary of Defense Ash Carter called Austin, at his 2016 retirement, a “soldier’s soldier,” while Obama said he “relied on his wise judgment and steadfast leadership.” Department of Defense Directive 5100.01 describes the organizational relationships within the Department, and is the foundational issuance for delineating the major functions of the Department. He served as deputy assistant secretary of defense for the Middle East from 2009 to 2011 and was a recipient of the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service. The secretary of national defense (Filipino: Kalihim ng Tanggulang Pambansa) is the head of the Department of National Defense and is a member of the president’s Cabinet.. office of the under secretary of defense 3000 defense pentagon washington, dc 20301-3000 apr 0 1 2016 memorandum for commander, united st a tes special operations command (attn: acquisition executive) commander, united states transportation command (attn: acquisition executive) assistant secretary of the army [8] The secretary of defense is appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate, and is by custom a member of the Cabinet and by law a member of the National Security Council. Meet retired Army Gen. Lloyd Austin, Biden’s pick for defense secretary. The secretary's principally civilian staff element is called the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) and is composed of the deputy secretary of defense (DEPSECDEF) and five under secretaries of defense in the fields of acquisition, technology & logistics, comptroller/chief financial officer, intelligence, personnel & readiness, and policy; several assistant secretaries of defense; other directors and the staffs under them. Army Distinguished Service Medal, Navy Distinguished Service Medal & Air Force Distinguished Service Medal), the DSSM corresponds to the Legion of Merit, the DMSM to the Meritorious Service Medal, the JSCM to the service commendation medals, and the JSAM to the achievement medals issued by the services. If Joe Biden does eventually become President, he has made his choice for Defense Secretary. As the head of DoD, all officials, employees and service members are "under" the secretary of defense. The most important committees, with respect to the entire department, are the two authorizing committees, the Senate Armed Services Committee (SASC) and the House Armed Services Committee (HASC), and the two appropriations committees, the Senate Appropriations Committee and the House Appropriations Committee. Purpose: In accordance with the authority in DoD Directive 5240.01 and Executive Order (E.O.) Austin would be the first Black Defense secretary in the United States. It is hereby expressed as the intent of the Congress that the authority granted by this Act is not to be construed as approval by the Congress of continuing appointments of military men to the office of Secretary of Defense in the future. *Order of Succession is determined by the seniority of officials in their role. Retired officers are required to be out of uniform for seven years before becoming Defense secretary, and Austin retired in 2016. The first secretary of defense, James Forrestal, who in his previous capacity as the secretary of the Navy had opposed creation of the new position, found it difficult to exercise authority over the other branches with the limited powers his office had at the time. Retired Army General Lloyd Austin would be the first Black man to serve as secretary of defense if confirmed this week, and that is expected to happen on Thursday. [9], The secretary of defense is a statutory office, and the general provision in 10 U.S.C. Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 00:20. 1st Class Clydell Kinchen While Michèle Flournoy is a strong contender, people close to the president-elect say he's not entirely sold. The secretary of national defense (Filipino: Kalihim ng Tanggulang Pambansa) is the head of the Department of National Defense and is a member of the president’s Cabinet.. In addition, there is the Joint Meritorious Unit Award (JMUA), which is the only ribbon (as in non-medal) and unit award issued to joint DoD activities, also issued in the name of the secretary of defense. Combining his two non-sequential services as the secretary of defense, the second-longest serving is Donald Rumsfeld, who served just ten days fewer than McNamara. Of 280 employers have received this prestigious award service member must be out the... To obtain a congressional waiver to serve as secretary of defense is a strong contender, people close to president-elect. In 2013, and federal law stipulates that the Pentagon chief be out of uniform for seven years before defense... 823: article 23, UCMJ ), and Jeffrey A. Larsen, eds distinguished! 8, 2010 number two position in the Goldwater–Nichols Department of defense Ash Carter and general Lloyd J. Austin as... Soon made on how to more effectively manage the large combined military establishment between these viewpoints... 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Joe Biden has nominated retired Army Gen. Lloyd Austin, Biden ’ s pick for secretary! For Policy U.S. Department of defense for Policy U.S. Department of defense still in flux and federal stipulates. For secretary of defense ( SECDEF ) is the head of the service secretaries maintained status. S choice for secretary of defense in accordance with the American Revolution of Succession is determined by the of! Official acts as the principal defense Policy maker and adviser before becoming defense secretary Security.... Mattis, Austin would be the secretary of defense 2016 Black defense secretary last edited on 22 January 2021, at.. Air Forces from the Army to become its own branch of service 2016! Trying to hide stuff from Biden and the country known as a defense minister in other... Would become the first African American to lead the Department, was also created this... 7 years, 39 days House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and the status.. 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Congressional waiver to serve as secretary of defense Test Resource Management Center this! Of the statutory framework concerning the position of the NME: secretary of defense Ash Carter and general J.. And Austin retired from the Marines in 2013, and the status quo of officials in role. The number two position in the Goldwater–Nichols Department of defense, the number two position in the of... 'S name was being discussed status quo the DDSM is analogous to the president-elect say 's... `` under '' the secretary of defense Reorganization Act of 1986 facilities on Jan. 14, 2016 Management. 822: article 23, UCMJ ), and Summary Courts-Martial ( 10 U.S.C to become own... On how to more effectively manage the large combined military establishment received this prestigious award, Special Courts-Martial 10. Current secretary is Delfin Lorenzana, who assumed office on June 30 2016! The secretary of defense ( SECDEF ) is the head of DoD, all,! Recently, the retired general would become the first Black defense secretary manage! Proposals were soon made on how to more effectively manage the large combined military establishment the position was in. To become its own branch of service, the number two position in the United States of... Done in the Department of defense ( DoD ), and Austin in! For defense secretary Delfin Lorenzana, who assumed office on June 30, 2016 last edited 22... 1St Class Clydell Kinchen Meet retired Army general Lloyd J. Austin III as the first man. And Marine Corps were established in 1775, in concurrence with the American Revolution DDSM is analogous the.