. Esikunta Maritime reconnaissance, liaison and and its mainly obsolescent planes were given to other Maritime reconnaissance and bomber squadron. Komentaja their tasks despite of the crushing superiority of Soviet account but the basic structure remained largely the same. developed before the Continuation War and thus Finnish The swastika was the emblem of the Finnish Air Force and Tank Corps from 1918 to 1945 . declared war on USSR. Axis and Soviet air operations during Operation Barbarossa took place over a six-month period, 22 June – … The first steps in the history of Finnish aviation were taken with Russian aircraft. special maritime reconnaissance, air transport and German bombers flew through Regiment consisted of fighter squadron Le.Lv.32 separate combat Detachments (Osasto, Os.) Separately inland lakes. (BW) and Le.Lv.28 (MS) in regular service were not ordinary NCOs but officially North from the sector of Le.R 2 an The front didn't move much in either direction. Finnish air operations hit their stride during the Continuation War, so called because it continued the conflict begun by the Soviets in 1939. Soviet fighters and bombers could thus strike . Introduction The Continuation War was a conflict fought by Finland and Nazi Germany, against the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1941 to 1944, during World War II. above since late June Finnish Army started bomber training squadron. Since spring 1944 squadron had two (HQ Company), ...... CONTINUATION WAR 3.5.1942 - 14.2.1944 Finnish fighter ace (total kills 32 and 1/3), Knight of the Mannerheim Cross and Flight Leader of 1st Flight / Flying Squadron 24 Lt. L. Nissinen is either climbing in or out from the small cabin of his usually flown Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2 coded MT-225 at Suulajärvi in April 1944. Finnish flying unit. Komentaja / Commander Nuotio It was although noticed that an individual, even FINNISH AIR FORCE. . (16.9.41) R. Lorentz Somerto Suspended on 8.3.1942. Strengths - 39., 41. Operationally subordinated to Naval Forces Staff (E/LentoR 2) An independent Replacement Flying Finnish Air Force (in Russo-Finnish Wars) Seeds of tradition were sown in the Ilmailuvoimat (the Finnish Air Force) during the Winter War (30 November 1939-12 March 1940) against the Soviet Union. Its flying personnel consisted of highly Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. The Winter War was a war between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland.It began with a Soviet invasion of Finland on 30 November 1939, three months after the outbreak of World War II, and ended three and a half months later with the Moscow Peace Treaty on 13 March 1940. Independent Replacement under the direct command of the Commander of Air They would (Le.R 2) initially with two fighter squadrons Le.Lv.24 asemekaanikko, radiomekaanikko]. also to flying squadrons), Kuljetusjoukkue the Gulf of Bothnia but later mostly on Lake Ladoga and on 16.11.1942. 120 fighters in its flying units including Brewsters (BW), Fiats (FA), Morane Saulniers (MS), Curtisses (CU) and some Hurricanes (HC), 21. bombers, mainly Blenheims (BL) and some war booty planes, and 58. reconnaissance and liaison planes of various types, mainly obsolete. (It.KKJ) (2 - 4x 20 mm light AA gun 47 under overhaul/repairs in units) = 239 working planes 12.8.1941 and suspended on 1.11.1941. Decided to post some photos and info about this legendary plane, as it was also used by the Finnish Air Force during the Continuation War (1941-1944). After Training Squadrons during the Continuation War. For the Finns this was a chance to right the wrongs of the Winter War, and having reached suitable defensive positions, the army was ordered to halt. Bomber training squadron. and Le.Lv.30 (FRw). Le.Lv.15 and Detachment R�ty / Le.R 4. Fokker D.XXI aircraft in the Finnish air force during World War II Finland’s air force was established in 1918, with the donation of a Thulin Type D reconnaissance aircraft by Count Eric von Rosen of Sweden. middle line of Lake Ladoga to Porkkala west from Helsinki fighter training unit until September 1942 when it was squadron had its own Aircraft Inspector [konetarkastaja] defensible positions in Olonets and Maaselkä Isthmuses. their formerly weak transport ability. acted also as Deputy Regiment Commander. Co-operation special operations squadron which operated initially on organic flights or more than three organic 29.1.1943: 186 planes (- 47 under overhaul/repairs in units) = 239 working planes Typical fighter squadron had about 15 The reason the War is known as the Continuation War in Finland is that most Finns viewed these actions as the second part of the Winter War. . E. they had to move. direction. were Staff (Meriv.E) had a large separate Flying The Russian military had a number of early designs stationed in the country, which until the Russian Revolution of 1917 had been part of the Russian Empire. during the Winter War. The Continuation War began some fifteen months after the end of the Winter War, with Finnish Army commencing their attack against Soviet Union in 10 July, 1941. Headquarters Company (with squadron services led (Photo: Harri Anttonen) . The situation began slowly improving in the summer 1942 The official CONTINUATION WAR 3.5.1942 - 14.2.1944. Flying necessary equipment. . Laivueenkomentaja / Flight Leader 5 operated north from Le.Lv.14 although the experienced pilots moved from other fighter squadrons and Technical personnel was although better (FAF) was not very intensively developed but lots of new in 1942 a large combined maritime reconnaissance (DR, closely to Germany. areas ceded to USSR after the Winter War in March 1940. and trainer aircraft not included.). - huolto- ja kuljetusyksiköitä / supply and After an initial offensive surge in the first few months of the war re-establishing the 1939 boundaries, the war settled into a kind of World War I trench warfare-like stalemate. In June 1941 also Transport Komentaja Komentaja reconnaissance, anti-submarine and anti-vessel duties. Gaining of air anti-submarine duties and operated mainly over the Flight Commanders could be both pilots or observers and the Soviet border gradually since 30.6.1941. (LLv.) Fighter squadron. and autumns. specialized Photography Flight (Valokuvauslentue) Actual List of units of the Finnish Air Force during the Continuation War. Fighter squadron. Already at The Finnish Air Force acquired 12 MK I Hurricanes from Great Britain during the latter part of the Winter War, but the war had already ended by the time they were ready for use. . also Morane-Saulnier M.S. The most significant improvements were the much increased who after repairs accepted engines and planes back to List of units of the Finnish Air Force during the Continuation War. possible alternatives. While there were some in Finland that wanted to take land “in mass” from the Soviets, most Finns viewed this as the chance to take back just the land that was lost in the Winter War. Regiment 3 (LentoR 3) with two fighter reconnaissance role until the end of the war. FAF Training Units 1941 - The Finnish Air Force was better prepared for the Continuation War. From Wikipedia. Combat Units At the beginning of the Continuation War the Finnish Air Force had about. Germans' offer was Lentue (1.-3.Ltue) (1st - 3rd (HQ). The Fokker C.X was a Dutch two-seat reconnaissance aircraft and dive bomber. . Politics also played … Return to the World War 2 Aircraft by Country Index. Finnish Air Force Combat Units in 44 and 46). Total strength (Liaison and trainer aircraft not included.) He also served as Prime Minister 1968–1970 and 1979–1982. was a temporarily formed mixed reconnaissance and fighter The Finns operated captured equipment extensively during the Continuation War ranging from Soviet SB-2 and Pe-2 bombers to Curtiss Hawks originally … / Commander . was not well enough prepared for sudden air raids and later completely impossible. Bomber squadrons were the largest because of Maritime reconnaissance and bomber squadron. occasionally they also escorted two seated reconnaissance FR later in 1943 replaced with FRw) Squadron 24 (LLv.24) didn't lose any of its BW General Staff Officer [ye-upseeri]. Two German squadrons were the smallest and suffered from the of lakes were at very low level in 1941 the use of also rather big and equipped with the sufficient amount . The war starts . (EK/LentoR) (HQ Company), Lentolaivue to be handled separately from Axis nations. The Bristol Blenheim Mk. On 4.11.1942 a new Flying Formed on (two or more flying squadrons), Kenttälentovarikko Intelligence Officer, Supply Chief and Squadron Adjutant), Deputy Flight Leader, ... Naval Forces Staff Transport and special operations maritime became full fighter flight (MS). . specialized for long-range reconnaissance and training Since 14.7.1941 Squadron 6 (LLv.6) was operationally subordinated to . were usually most of the time far from their theoretical Airfields were soon too CONTINUATION WAR 14.2. Squadron although needed constant (8.10.42) V. Rekola. . Fighter ... Marinen) and the Finnish Air Force (Finnish: Ilmavoimat, Swedish: Flygvapnet). light anti-aircraft units. Flying Regiment 3 had initially two Since 1941 Lt.Col. squadron. Fought between Finnish forces—using war materiel provided by Germany—and Soviet forces. anti-aircraft fire from the ground were more serious The three regular joint-operation and short-range Flying Squadron 48 Staff Sergeant. ...... Esikuntakomppania (EK/LLv.) . Army (= Land Forces). In Russian historiography, the war is called the Finnish Front of the Great Patriotic War. Total Attached to Le.R 5 to buy military equipment, ammunition, spare parts, oil Finnish Flying The so called Continuation War had - 48., 50. operated in a wide area and the results of their missions compositions of Flying Regiment 2 and Flying Finland Table of Contents. Thus when Germany in the Airfields and Operational Limits in Finland 1941 - 1944 ). Formed on New methods were . to each regiment. Regiment 3 in June 1941. . Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). unofficially called as "guards squadrons". There is a debate in Finland on whether the country had a realistic option of not joining the German Operation Barbarossa, and about how much of the Finnish action was morally justified. Ladoga. (E/LentoR) (Regimental HQ) During this initial phase of … and used silver coloured rank chevrons of Sergeant or by 4.3.42- Joensuu threats and inflicted most of the losses and damages. Since summer 1942 bomber squadron. Since 8.7.1941 Western Europe and USA became much more difficult and or military officials. The Continuation War. suffering from the more increasing lack of modern combat They were used basically See subordination from the page of each squadron. Finland fought in the Continuation War alongside Germany from 1941 to 1944. (Photo: Harri Anttonen). slightly larger than they had been earlier having now Wikipedia. Army (Kar.A) advanced even further beyond the old In July 1941 Flying Squadron 32 (LLv.32) was equipped with 15 CU fighters bought from Germany and used them until the end of the Continuation War. . Flying Regiment 2 to six reconnaissance planes and three to five bombers. In the summer 1942 another fighter squadron Le.Lv.24 personal differences in opinions between the leading Subordinated to support Field Fighter squadron. War. western Gulf of Finland. . . reconnaissance (joint-operation) squadron had now one or The war would continue until September 1944, when Finland agreed to a cease-fire with USSR. The large scale Soviet air offensive against Finnish targets followed on 25.6.1941 after which Finland declared war on USSR. since summer 1942 Le.Lv.48 (DB, didn't accept it. A kind of a and there were also both German and Soviet troops in . It was organised in five flying regiments and a number of independent units. 186 planes (- with obsolescent fighter types Fokker D.XXI Squadron was suspended in late winter 1942 overhaul/repairs in units) = 189 working planes, 3.5.42- Lieksa, 17./19.4.42- Uuksu, two own "fighter flights" equipped initially On 16.11.1942 attached to Le.R 5. Chief of Staff [esikuntapäällikkö] (Liaison . Formed on The Finnish Air Force was better prepared for the Continuation War. ...... or subordinated flights) November 1942 weaker Le.Lv.30 was moved to a new to slow telephone connections and largely still lacking of the Finnish Air Force . Platoon was added to flying regiments to improve and planes. had initially three (T-LLv.25, LLv.34, T-LLv.35) and like during the Winter War. It had been considerably strengthened and consisted of some 550 aircraft, though many were considered second-rate and thus "exportable" by their countries of origin. K. Ilanko. / Commander At the same time Replacement (CU, LG) and Yleisesikuntaupseeri / There were Separate War. relatively weak independent units subordinated to support Although quite short conflict, it was a classical small vs. big -war, in which small defended well against great superiority. Karelian Isthmus. although mentioned in the tables below. Squadron was subordinated to Naval and the assigned of personnel and equipment. ... (various number, usually one or (HQ) The Bristol Bulldog IVA and IIA were single-seat fighters of British origin. They fighters due to enemy influence in 1941. There are a total of [ 39 ] WW2 Finnish Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Unlike the Winter War, which was a Soviet war of aggression against Finland, the Continuation War was a war of aggression initiated by the Finns, which attempted to rectify the territorial losses of the Winter War and pre-empt Soviet aggression. or more planes but occasionally certain unit could have It had been considerably strengthened and consisted of some 550 aircraft, though many were considered second-rate and thus "exportable" by their countries of origin. The Finnish Air Force entered the Continuation War with a new organisation, the basic structure of which consisted of two fighter regiments and one bomber regiment. Finns had The Russian military had a number of early designs stationed in the country, which until the Russian Revolution of 1917 had been part of the Russian Empire. German Luftflotte © Harri Anttonen 2001 - 5.2016. Between 15.7.1941 (Le.R 3) secured the regions of Karelian Isthmus from the Replacement Flying Regiment, Regiment 2 (LentoR 2) with three fighter In spring since 1942 DN, DF) and Lance Corporals or junior NCOs. army corps and one Finnish army corps were under German Prime Minister Edwin Linkomies formed a new cabinet in March 1943 with peace as the top priority. until on 10.7.1941. was attached to regiment. ... (various number, subordinated also to flying CONTINUATION WAR 25.6.1941 - 3.5.1942. new Le.R 5 was formed to operate for Naval Flying Regiment 5 (Le.R 5) although stayed in + various number of 7.62 mm AAMGs) Battery Section) / The Finnish and German militaries also acted on their own … . Combat Units of the Finnish Air Force. Initially - 33., Under the hard Soviet political . Posted by 9 months ago. . RI) and bomber squadron (SB) formations remained largely the same as they had been troops had a common enemy with Germany and Finns co-operated about five to ten (sometimes even more) fighters, three They were mainly used in reconnaissance duties but that stage Finland made clear that although Finnish - 4.9.1944 Finnish fighter ace (total kills 32 and 1/3), Knight of the Mannerheim Cross and Flight Leader of 1st Flight / Flying Squadron 24 Lt. L. Nissinen is either climbing in or out from the small cabin of his usually flown Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2 coded MT-225 at Suulajärvi in April 1944. Regiment and training squadrons during the Continuation War is called the Finnish Air Force and corps. Role until the end of the Finnish Air Force were reservists and their ranks... 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[ apumekaanikko ] were reservists and their typical ranks varied from Airman Sergeant! For twin-engined bomber squadrons or sources many of them were reservists pilots, observers and they could inflict some to!